What is Sustainable Peace?

Sustainable peace can be defined as “existing in a state where the chances of using terror, conflicts, tyranny, and violence to solve problems are low, and the chances of using dialogue, cooperation and collective efforts to solve problems are high.”

Peace is not the absence of conflict. It is the ability to handle conflict by peaceful means.

Ronald Reagan

 Why is establishing sustainable peace important?

It is evident from the past that peace has played an important role in resolving wars and even hampering some of them. It is after the thousands of devastating wars that people realized the significance of peace. The earth needs peace to sustain itself. This applies to all perspectives including; pollution, wars, natural disasters, pandemics, and more.

When peace and harmony are preserved the environment remains healthy, people get to achieve their full potential. Hence peace must be established and sustained for a sustainable future; a future where there is no hunger, no poverty, no violence, and all human beings get to live a prosperous, tranquil, and fulfilling life. 

How can sustainable peace be established?

Sustainable peace can be established by taking the following steps;

The elimination of violence: 

Ending violence and sustaining peace is a big challenge. In this struggle, pacification or reconciliation is a foremost tool. Reconciliation is both retrospective and farsighted: it addresses the causes and aftermaths of a dispute and puts a stop to its relapse. The preventative dimension of reconciliation is very important, as 50% of post-war countries fall back into a dispute within the first ten years after the end of the fighting.

However, there is a lack of comprehension of what works in proceeding with reconciliation, even though reconciliation is a foremost tool in almost all peace pacts. Hence sustainable peace can only be established if one has a clear understanding of what to address in reconciliation so that there is no relapse afterward.  

Promote Equality: 

Equality is critical to Sustainable peace. It can be promoted globally by giving equal representation to nations in international bodies. This will ensure that no nation is abused and no nation is left behind. When some nations are not represented, it creates disproportion or inequality that may stir violence.

And for sustaining peace within a country or a state it is important to give equal opportunities to all and not over-tax the poor. This will reduce the cases of protests and will pave the path for the nation’s development. 

The future of peace and prosperity that we seek for all the world’s people needs a foundation of tolerance, security, equality, and justice.

Kofi Annan

Embrace diversity and promote tolerance: 

Achieving sustainable peace requires changing attitudes that encourage violence and discrimination. Embracing diversity is about appreciating people of different faiths, customs, socio-economic groups, genders, or ages, whereas promoting tolerance requires the appreciation of diversity. In other words, appreciating diversity is the source of peace, and discrimination is the source of squabbling and disorder.

As William Ury notes,

Tolerance is not just agreeing with one another or remaining indifferent in the face of injustice, but rather showing respect for the essential humanity in every person.

William Ury

Upholding democracy: 

The primary cause of violence in the world is “dictatorship.” When people have the freedom to vote, they can choose the right leaders who are equitable and peace-friendly. Democracy helps in the establishment of a just and free society, therefore, it can be considered as a key element in sustaining peace within a nation and globally as well.

Globalization: 

Globalization has the power to sustain peace as it is the interconnectedness of people and countries. It promotes sustainable peace by increasing intercommunication between different countries and populations around the world

Sustainable Peace Conclusion:

To sum it up, Peace can be established and sustained by promoting justice, equality, democracy, tolerance, and by uprooting all forms of violence from the earth. It is clear that peace is vital for humankind to survive and strive for a better future.

Author: Rtr. Noof
Club: RAC-UAF
RID # 3272

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