Water pollution is the degradation of the natural water resources due to the pollutants. Natural water resources are streams, groundwater, lake, etc. As a result of human activity, pollutant concentrations in the water have risen above the ideal concentration values. Water resources are essential for life, economic development, and environmental protection.
This vital natural resource is the most polluted and polluted natural resource in the world in terms of contamination, it is vulnerable. The water’s quality to People should be able to drink it safely if it contains enough oxygen, as well as crucial minerals, should be present, and the water should be transparent
When you consider that one liter of wastewater pollutes eight liters of clean water and renders it unusable, you can see how vulnerable the natural cycle of water resources is. When you consider that there are nearly 1.4 billion healthy and water-deprived individuals on the planet today, you can see how critical the situation is.
Human activities & Water Misuse
Human activities are the primary cause of pollution in rivers, lakes, groundwater, and seas, and as a result, ecosystems’ natural equilibrium deteriorates.
Water pollution does not just stay in the water; it also makes its way to the soil, where it is absorbed by plants, vegetables, and fruits through irrigation. These toxic wastes are then passed on to the animals that drink the polluted water, threatening the food supply’s long-term viability.
“The use of bad-quality water; diseases induced by water on living things; low agricultural output; loss of biodiversity in aquatic habitats; mortality and rises in drinking and utility water treatment costs.” Water pollution threatens the lives of all living animals in the water, as well as the biological richness of the ocean, sea, lake, and aquatic ecosystems, in addition to creating a drop in usage and drinking water.
Industrialization, pesticides used in agriculture, and chemicals used inadvertently in agriculture and industry have all contaminated water resources. Chemical pollution includes agricultural spills, disinfection methods, defective industrial procedures, leachate from underground storage tanks, mining activities, chemical waste, and caustic waters.
Chemically tainted water is carried to various locations through the hydrological cycle, endangering our natural balance and health. Colorless, odorless, and tasteless water should be consumed; its chemical content should include some fundamental elements required by the body, such as calcium, magnesium, and salt; and it should be free of nitrite, nitrate, organic matter, chemicals, heavy metals, and disease-causing microbes.
The following are some of the reasons that will have a polluting influence on surface waters:
Pesticides, chemical pollutants, inorganic salts, artificial and natural agricultural fertilizers, waste heat, disease-causing organisms, organic pollutants, industrial wastes, synthetic detergents, radioactivity, pesticides, chemical pollutants, inorganic salts. The occurrence of some contamination in water resources can be explained.
However, laboratory studies are required to understand taste, smell, and pollution produced by bacteria, heavy metals, nitrates, radon, and many other substances. As a result, testing of drinkable water should be done regularly. The correct perception of water consumption and usage is one of the most important elements influencing water-use behavior.
What you can do to solve water waste!
The majority of the population has misunderstandings about water usage, which leads to water waste in families. Drip taps should be repaired as they cause significant water loss, water-saving equipment should be used, instead of washing vegetables and fruits in a stream, they should be washed in a bowl, the dishes should be washed in the dishwasher, the hot water pipes should be covered with insulating material, and the thermostat setting of the water heater should be changed.
A showerhead that uses less water while showering, cool hours of the day should be chosen for watering the garden and flowers, care should be taken to grow plants that do not require much water in the garden, choose plants suitable for your location’s climate, and rain large water tanks should be used to collect water.
The variables to consider to use irrigation water more efficiently in agriculture are listed below. Sprinkler and drip irrigation technologies should be used in all regions where the climate, soil, and topography are conducive. Water conservation must become more ubiquitous.
Irrigation should be done just when the plant needs the most water; otherwise, little irrigation should be done, or irrigation should be discontinued entirely, and bigger regions watered with the water saved here. Agriculture should employ methods to keep the soil hydrated.
Continuous use of commercial fertilizers in agricultural agriculture disturbs soil structure and lowers soil water retention capacity. Green manure and the utilization of animal manure boost the soil’s water retention capacity. Because tillage promotes moisture loss, direct planting should be favored over tillage agriculture. Plant cultivars that are resistant to drought and salt should be created.
To fulfill the expanding population’s water demands, water basins should not be filled by settlements and industrial facilities, water resources should not be contaminated, pure water resources, and pastures and forests that act as natural dams should be increased rather than decreased.
Unfortunately, many cultures today confront water shortages, and with population growth predicted, the number of individuals facing water shortages will steadily increase. In this circumstance, the only consistent approach to maintain water supply while protecting current resources is to recover and reuse waste water.
Author: Rtr. Megha Ranjan
Club: Rotaract Club of Dumdum Metropolitan
You can read more from the RAC Dumdum Metropolitan here. Or you can read other article by Rtr. Megha Ranjan.