World TB Day 2021 | The Most Infectious Disease Tuberculosis
I bet you didn’t know about World TB Day 2021, dated on 24 March. This day is a reminder for the citizen of Earth to prevent and fight the world’s most infectious and killer disease Tuberculosis (TB).
How did TB day start?
In the year 1882, “Dr. Robert Koch” announced that he had discovered the bacterium that causes tuberculosis TB. He added that tuberculosis (TB) is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. That most often affects the lungs. This discovery opened the path towards diagnosing and curing this disease. Now remembered as World TB day.
Real Time Stats on TB as per World Tuberculosis Day 2021
Tuberculosis remains one of the World’s deadliest infectious killers till date. Which robbed 1.4 million lives in 2019. Every day, about 4000 lives perish due to TB. Another 28,000 people are infected on daily basis with tuberculosis. So, it is really important to be aware of such a life-threatening disease. The two thirds of the total affected world population belong to eight countries including: India, Indonesia, China, the Philippines, Pakistan, Nigeria, Bangladesh and South Africa.
Tuberculosis(TB) Epidemiology | Types | Signs | Cause | Treatment | Pharmacology | World TB Day 2021
Common symptoms of Tuberculosis 2021
Common symptoms of Active Lung TB are:
- Chest pain
- Weight loss
- Fever & night sweats
- Cough with sputum & blood at times
World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the use of rapid molecular diagnostic tests as the initial diagnostic test. It will lead to major improvements in the early detection and drug resistance of TB. It is performed for suspected persons with signs and symptoms of tuberculosis. As they have high diagnostic accuracy.
How does Tuberculosis spread?
TB is spread from person to person through the air by coughing, sneezing, or spitting from an infected person. It propels TB germs into the air. When a person breathes in such an environment. He gets infected only inhaling a few of these germs.
Remember, not everyone infected with TB bacteria becomes sick. As a result, two TB-related conditions exist:
- Latent TB infection (LTBI)
- Active TB infection (ATBI)
The TB bacteria usually attack the lungs. It can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain. If proper measures are done, there is no life-threatening risk. Because Tuberculosis is curable and preventable.
What is treatment of TB in World Tuberculosis day 2021?
Tuberculosis is a treatable disease. Active, drug-susceptible TB disease is treated with a standard “6-month course of 4 antimicrobial drugs”. It provided with information and support to the patient by a health worker or trained volunteer. Without such support, treatment adherence is most difficult.
It is most important to complete your treatment therapy. As if a person stops taking medication early, some bacteria can still survive. Which may become resistant to antibiotics. In this case, a person may go on to develop drug resistance TB that is much more dangerous and difficult to treat.
Awareness for World Anti-Tuberculosis Day
In the end, I want to say that please “Be Aware & Be Safe.” If any of your loved ones are suffering from TB, show them your support. You can help them by guiding and treating them right, to fight this deadliest infection. Also, complete the antimicrobial therapy to avoid any further complications in the future.
World TB Day theme 2021 on Social Media
World TB Day theme 2021 is “Clock is ticking”. Use these Hashtags for Awareness of TB on Facebook, Instagram and other social websites.
#FindTBTreatTB #It’sTimeToEndTB #Clockisticking #WorldTBDay2021
Author: Muhammad Aasim Ali
Club: RAC BZU, Pakistan.